TSCA

Ruth C. Downes-Norriss, Leslie S. MacDougall, "What is Happening with Chemical Regulation Outside of the European Union?," Elements, the Chemicals NorthWest Magazine, Autumn 2015.
James V. Aidala, Jr., Charles M. Auer, Lynn R. Goldman, M.D., and James B. Gulliford, "Practical Advice for TSCA Reform: An Insider Perspective," The American Bar Association Section of Environment, Energy, and Resources Special Committee on TSCA Reform, August 2010.
Charles M. Auer, James V. Aidala, Lynn L. Bergeson, "TSCA Reform Legislation and Its Workability: Thoughts on Steps to Help Ensure Successful Implementation at the Outset and Over Time," Bloomberg BNA Daily Environment Report, July 23, 2015.

Competing proposals are working their way through the House and Senate to amend the Toxic Substances Control Act, the nation’s primary law for managing chemicals in commerce. In this article, former senior Environmental Protection Agency officials Charles Auer and James Aidala and attorney Lynn Bergeson discuss making the bill clearer and how congressional direction can be provided on what EPA is to do with certain new provisions to implement them in the first years of any amended TSCA.

Richard E. Engler, Ph.D., "The Impact of Toxic Substances Control Act Nomenclature on the Commercialization of Biobased Chemicals," AOCS Inform, July/August, 2015.

Imagine receiving a certified letter from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announcing that it plans to conduct an audit of your company’s facility in two weeks. The audit will focus on your company’s compliance obligations as a chemical manufacturer under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). Would you be prepared or are you unsure of what TSCA is and whether it applies to you? This article explains how TSCA applies to biobased chemicals and how nomenclature and chemical identity can impact commercialization.

Richard E. Engler, Ph.D., "Thought Leadership: The Toxic Substances Control Act and the Bioeconomy: Part 3, Call to Action," Biofuels Digest, May 18, 2015.

In the second installment of this series, I wrote about how the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) regulates products across a manufacturing process, from feedstock to product. In this last installment, I present options for updating TSCA and the related implementing regulations to put novel, biobased chemistry on an even footing with incumbent products and processes that were grandfathered in as part of the original TSCA Inventory. The key is to find a way to level the field without compromising the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) mission and authority to protect human health and the environment.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "TSCA Reform May Be Closer Than You Think," Chemical Processing, May 18, 2015.

On April 28, 2015, the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works held a hearing to consider the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act (S. 697). Since then, S. 697 has gained additional backing from both Republicans and Democrats. These events are important because they demonstrate significant bipartisan support for reform of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), and suggest TSCA reform actually may be in our future.

Richard E. Engler, Ph.D., "Thought Leadership: The Toxic Substances Control Act and the Bioeconomy: Part 2, Reportable Substances across the Manufacturing Process," Biofuels Digest, May 1, 2015.

In the first installment of this series, I wrote about how the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) regulates products. In this article, we will look across a manufacturing process. TSCA applies to chemical substances that are used for purposes other than food, food additives, animal feed, cosmetics, drugs, tobacco and tobacco products, pesticides, munitions, and nuclear source materials. Biobased chemicals, that is, chemicals made from lignocellulose or other biomass, are finding markets in food and cosmetic markets, but much of the recent innovation focuses on biobased fuels and commodity chemicals. For these final products, TSCA applies. Chemical products must be listed on the TSCA Inventory of Chemical Substances (the Inventory) or be eligible for an exemption. If the product is not listed on the Inventory, the manufacturer must file a premanufacture notification 90 days before manufacturing (or importing) that substance or qualify for an appropriate exemption.

Richard E. Engler, Ph.D., "The Toxic Substances Control Act and the Bioeconomy: Part 1, The Impact of Nomenclature on the Commercialization of Biobased Chemicals," Biofuels Digest, April 26, 2015.

Bioeconomy companies recognize that their products are subject to a variety of federal chemical regulations, especially if they sell food, food additives, cosmetics, or other products regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Unfortunately, companies may not recognize all the ways that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulates bioproducts, perhaps because of the understandable focus on the Clean Air Act (CAA) and the various programs under that authority: Renewable Fuel Standard, fuel additive registration, or other CAA submissions. TSCA also applies to bioproducts used in industrial, commercial, and most consumer products, including fuels. TSCA reporting requirements are in addition to, and separate from, CAA reporting.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "EPA Eyes Nanoscale Materials," Chemical Processing, April 13, 2015.

On April 6, 2015, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed a Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Section 8(a) rule concerning reporting and recordkeeping requirements for certain chemical substances when manufactured (including imported) or processed at the nanoscale. 

Lynn L. Bergeson, "EPA Proposes Significant New Use Rule for Certain Nonylphenol and Nonylphenol Ethoxylates," Environmental Quality Management, Spring 2015.
On October 1, 2014, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed a Significant New Use Rule (SNUR) under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) for certain related chemical substances commonly known as nonylphenols (NP) and nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPE) (Federal Register [Fed. Reg.], 2014). For 13 NPs and NPEs, the EPA would designate any use as a “significant new use,” and for two additional NPs, the EPA would designate that any use other than use as an intermediate or use as an epoxy cure catalyst would constitute a "significant new use" (Fed. Reg., 2014, p. 59186). For a variety of reasons, which are discussed next, the proposed rule is interesting and significant. The EPA has already agreed to extend the comment period to mid-January in response to several industry-trade groups’ requests for more time.
Lynn L. Bergeson, "Comments Due July 6 On Proposed Reporting And Recordkeeping Requirements For Nanoscale Materials," Nanotechnology Now, April 6, 2015.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Section 8(a) proposed rule concerning reporting and recordkeeping requirements for certain chemical substances when manufactured or processed at the nanoscale was published in the April 6, 2015, Federal Register. 

Lynn L. Bergeson, "New Technologies and an Old Law: Renewable Chemicals Invite Challenges under TSCA," Natural Resources & Environment Volume 29, Number 4, Spring 2015.

The resurgence of chemical production derived from renewable feedstocks reflects the new business imperatives of which chemical product manufacturers are all keenly aware: produce greener chemicals and reduce carbon footprints. Careful review of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), a law enacted almost forty years ago during the heyday of petroleum-derived chemical production, suggests that more can be done now to promote the commercialization of renewable chemicals to achieve these imperatives. This article describes renewable chemicals, provides a brief overview of TSCA, discusses key TSCA challenges as applied to them, and suggests actions to ensure TSCA’s implementation now and potential future TSCA revisions to facilitate the commercialization of renewable chemicals. 

Lynn L. Bergeson, "Nine Hazardous Chemicals Go On Watch List To Prevent Their Import," Chemical Processing, January 20, 2015.

On December 29, 2014, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published a final rule signaling renewed interest in asserting Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) jurisdiction over finished goods. The final rule adds nine benzidine-based chemical substances to the existing significant new use rule (SNUR) on these substances, and, with respect to both the newly added and previously-listed substances, makes inapplicable the exemption relating to persons that import or process the substances as part of an article. 

Lynn L. Bergeson, "EPA’s New, Final Work Plan Assessments And What They Mean To You," Environmental Quality Management, December 22, 2014.

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released on June 25, 2014, and on August 28, 2014, final risk assessments for targeted uses of four Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Work Plan chemicals. The June Assessment consists of certain uses of trichloroethylene (TCE), and the assessments released in August are for uses of methylene chloride or dichloromethane (DCM), antimony trioxide (ATO), and 1,3,4,6,7,8-hexahydro-4,6,6,7,8,8-hexamethylcyclopenta-[γ]-2-benzopyran (HHCB). The much anticipated release of these assessments marks a real milestone for the EPA's Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention (OCSPP), and the EPA is to be commended for its significant efforts in completing these assessments relatively quickly.  

Lynn L. Bergeson, "EPA Proposes New Rule for Toxic Chemicals," Chemical Processing, November 5, 2014.

On October 1, 2014, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed a significant new use rule (SNUR) for 15 related chemical substances commonly known as nonylphenols (NP) and nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPE). These substances are recognized as persistent and toxic in the environment. This article discusses this important move.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "Evolving Global Chemical Management Programs and Why They Matter," Trends, the ABA Section of Environment, Energy, and Resources Newsletter, November 2014.

Chemicals play a central role in our personal and professional lives. As consumers, we focus keenly on the chemicals in the products we use and with which we come into contact. Globalization and the emergence worldwide of sophisticated chemical management programs invite complex legal, commercial, and scientific challenges. These challenges extend far beyond compliance questions that, by comparison, seem now nostalgically straightforward. Understanding these programs and their evolution can only help inform our judgment as lawyers, consultants, and educated consumers.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "EPA Assessing Utility of Toxic Substances Control Act to Obtain Information on Hydraulic Fracturing," Environmental Quality Management, Fall 2014.

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published in the May 19, 2014, Federal Register an advance notice of proposed rulemaking (ANPR) to seek comment on the information that should be reported or disclosed for hydraulic fracturing chemical substances and mixtures and the mechanism for obtaining this information. According to EPA, this mechanism could be regulatory (under Sections 8(a) and/or 8(d) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)), voluntary, or a combination of both. It could include best management practices, third-party certification and collection, and incentives for disclosure of information.
 

Lynn L. Bergeson, Charles M. Auer, Oscar Hernandez, "Creative Adaptation: Enhancing Oversight of Synthetic Biology Under the Toxic Substances Control Act," Industrial Biotechnology, October 2014.

Synthetic biology is delivering on its promise as an emerging scientific field in providing society with effective new sustainable products in diverse areas including renewable energy, contamination remediation, and medical applications, among others. As is the case with any rapidly evolving technology, the pace of technological innovation challenges regulators’ ability to identify and address adequately the substantial uncertainties they confront when discharging their legal obligations under controlling laws to ensure human and environmental safety. This article provides a brief description of synthetic biology, discusses the current domestic regulatory framework that governs the regulation of products of synthetic biology, and focuses narrowly on options and opportunities the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), innovators in the area of synthetic biology, and the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)-regulated community at large may wish to consider to enhance TSCA’s core adaptive capacity to identify and address potential health and environmental risk implications posed by the commercialization of products of synthetic biology.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "EPA Approves Petition for Exemption," Chemical Processing, July 22, 2014.

On June 19, 2014, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a direct final rule exempting manufacturers of three chemical substances from certain reporting-process-and-use information requirements under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Chemical Data Reporting (CDR) rule for those compounds. This column discusses the rule and the potential value of public petitioning.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "House Releases Discussion Draft of TSCA Reform Legislation," Environmental Quality Management, Summer 2014.

Reform of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) may be a little closer to reality since Rep. John Shimkus (R-IL), Chair of the House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Environment and the Economy, released on February 27, 2014, a much anticipated discussion draft that would update TSCA. The Chemicals in Commerce Act (CICA) keys off of Senate Bill (S.) 1009, the Chemical Safety Improvement Act (CSIA), which was introduced on May 22, 2013, by late Sen. Frank R. Lautenberg (D-NJ) and Sen. David Vitter (R-LA). Under Shimkus’s leadership, the Subcommittee has held five hearings that reviewed core sections of Title I of TSCA and the proposed Senate amendments to those sections. This column provides an overview of the discussion draft of the new, not-yet-numbered House bill, the CICA, and compares its key provisions with the Senate’s approach to TSCA reform under S. 1009.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "TSCA Reform: Do It Now, Or It May Never Be Done," ELI Forum, May/June, 2014.

Whatever window of opportunity exists to reform the Toxic Substances Control Act is closing. This is not only because the mid-term elections are fast approaching, or that there are too few legislative days left this session, or even that Congress is polarized and achieving passage of complicated chemical legislation seems intuitively beyond reach. It is also because of the emergence of international and state chemical management frameworks. This article is from the Environmental Law Institute’s May/June 2014 issue of ELI Forum titled “TSCA Redux: Rejuvenating a Timeworn Statute.” The publication features articles from authors representing a variety of viewpoints on the issue including Lynn L. Bergeson, Managing Partner of Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.; Richard A. Denison, Lead Scientist, Environmental Defense Fund; Kathy Kinsey, Deputy Secretary for Regulatory Programs and Operations, Maryland Department of the Environment; Ann R. Klee, Vice President, Environment, Health & Safety, General Electric; John Shimkus, Chair, House Environment & the Economy Subcommittee; and Tom Udall, Chair, Senate Subcommittee on Superfund, Toxics, and Environmental Health. Visit www.eli.org for more information.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "Toxic Substance Control Act Reform Nears," Chemical Processing, March 18, 2014.

Reform of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) is a little closer to happening since Representative John Shimkus (R-IL), chair of the House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Environment and the Economy, released on February 27, 2014, a discussion draft updating the TSCA. The Chemicals in Commerce Act (CICA) keys off S. 1009, the Chemical Safety Improvement Act (CSIA), which was introduced last May by the late Senator Frank R. Lautenberg (D-NJ) and Senator David Vitter (R-LA). This column highlights provisions in the discussion draft.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "EPA Promulgates Final SNURs for Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes and Infused Carbon Nanostructures," Nanotechnology Now, February 12, 2014.

On February 12, 2014, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued, through a direct final rule, significant new use rules (SNUR) under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) for 35 chemical substances that were the subject of premanufacture notices (PMN). The 35 substances include four identified as multi-walled carbon nanotubes (generic) that were the subject of a December 3, 2012, TSCA Section 5(e) consent order.

Lynn L. Bergeson, Kathleen M. Roberts, "Promoting Renewable Chemicals," The Environmental Forum, January/February, 2014.

Biofuels have gotten all the press. But biobased chemicals have equal environmental and health potential, and also the most exposure under the Toxic Substances Control Act. Implications range from irritating to crippling, depending upon a manufacturer’s response.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "TSCA Reform: The New State of Play," Environmental Quality Management, Winter 2013.

In a game-changing bipartisan show of support for reform of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) that few saw coming, United States (US) Senators David Vitter (R-LA) and the late Frank Lautenberg (D-NJ)—among bipartisan others—introduced on May 22, 2013, the Chemical Safety Improvement Act (CSIA), later designated Senate Bill 1009 (S.1009). CSIA provides a new and streamlined approach to reforming TSCA that stakeholders may view favorably when compared to legislative templates that have been considered previously by the Senate and the House of Representatives. This Washington Watch column summarizes key aspects of the bill and identifies issues and areas where further clarification is needed. This summary is not meant to be exhaustive, but it illustrates some of the challenges that lie ahead for the legislation notwithstanding its initial burst of public and bipartisan support.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "EPA Amends TSCA Reporting Obligations," Chemical Processing, December 17, 2013.

On December 4, 2013, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a final rule entailing the use of electronic reporting for certain reporting requirements under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), effective March 4, 2014. This article summarizes the final rule.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "The Regulation of Renewable Chemicals Under the Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA)," Environmental Quality Management, Fall 2013.

The application of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) to biobased chemicals is sometimes overlooked, given the enthusiasm supporting the commercialization of biobased products. This “Washington Watch” article explains TSCA’s application to these products and outlines strategies to ensure the successful marketing of biobased chemical products.

Lynn L. Bergeson, Charles M. Auer, and R. David Peveler, "TSCA and the Regulation of Renewable Chemicals," American Oil Chemists, July/August, 2013.

While regulators are generally supportive of new chemistries that can replace older, petroleum-based ones, biobased chemicals are subject to the same Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) that governs every other chemical substance in the United States. Surprisingly, biobased chemicals that are considered to be “new chemicals” may actually receive more scrutiny under this law than established chemicals do. The following article provides practical information about the TSCA provisions that are most relevant to biobased chemicals, regulatory outcomes of Premanufacture Notification (PMN) review, and strategies stakeholders can use to assure compliance and successful commercialization of biobased chemicals.

Lynn L. Bergeson, Kathleen M. Roberts, and Heidi B. Lewis, "Why BRAG Before You Go to Market? The Biobased and Renewable Products Advocacy Group (BRAG) Helps Companies Commercialize Their Products," Industrial Biotechnology, August 2013.

Renewable chemicals are emerging at a fast pace, paving the way for new, innovative, and sustainable biobased products. The renewable chemicals’ market is estimated to reach $83.4 billion by 2018 in applications ranging from transportation and agriculture to textiles and cosmetics. In addition to all the elements great companies need to succeed -- a great product, a great brand, inspiring leadership, and vision -- biobased product companies need to understand how the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) occupies a virtual seat at their management table, whether or not they know it.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "The Chemical Safety Improvement Act," Pollution Engineering, August 1, 2013.

Senators David Vitter (R-LA) and the late Frank Lautenberg (D-NJ) introduced S. 1009, the Chemical Safety Improvement Act (CSIA), in May 2013. The CSIA provides a new approach to Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) reform that, to date, has met with broad stakeholder approval. Highlights of the draft bill are below.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "Isotope Fact Sheet Warrants a Close Look," Chemical Processing, July 10, 2013.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recently released a fact sheet (www.epa.gov/oppt/newchems/pubs/isotopes.pdf) on reporting chemical substances that contain different isotopes of the same elements listed on the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory. The document has enforcement consequences, so stakeholders should review it carefully. This column explains its significance. 

Lynn L. Bergeson, "GAO to EPA, Improve Chemical Controls," Pollution Engineering, July 1, 2013.

On April 29, 2013, the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) released a report entitled “Toxic Substances: EPA Has Increased Efforts to Assess and Control Chemicals but Could Strengthen Its Approach.” The report is available at www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-249. This article summarizes the findings and its implications.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "US EPA Releases Draft TSCA Chemical Risk Assessment," Environmental Quality Management, Summer 2013.

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) released its first draft risk assessments developed under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) “Work Plan Program” on January 4, 2013. The draft risk assessments cover particular uses of five chemicals found in household products. While the chemicals covered in these first draft assessments may or may not be of interest to Environmental Quality Management readers, the draft assessments can give us a sense of how the Agency is approaching this very important process.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "Hope Is Restored In Finally Modernizing TSCA," Law360, June 2013.

In a rare bipartisan expression of support for reform of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), Sen. David Vitter, R-La., and the late Frank Lautenberg, D-N.J., introduced on May 22, 2013, the Chemical Safety Improvement Act (CSIA), S. 1009. The bill offers a new and potentially politically viable framework for TSCA reform and renewed hope that badly needed modernization of this ancient law may occur. Lawyers and others in this space need to be keenly aware of these legislative efforts as TSCA modernization will directly and significantly impact for many years to come domestic chemical manufacture, processing and use and will greatly influence the business operations of hundreds of thousands of downstream product manufacturers in the electronics, personal care products, consumer products and dozens of other business sectors dependent upon chemical suppliers for components essential to their manufacturing operations. This article reviews key elements of the bill and discusses its political prospects.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "Chemical Safety Standards Could Get Overhauled," Chemical Processing, June 2013.

The latest approach to TSCA reform addresses some industry concerns. Senators David Vitter (R-La.) and the late Frank Lautenberg (D-N.J.) in May introduced the Chemical Safety Improvement Act (CSIA), later designated S. 1009. CSIA is a new approach to Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) reform that industry stakeholders may view favorably when compared to prior legislative efforts. This article highlights key elements of the draft bill.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "2013 Chemical Assessment List Released," Pollution Engineering, June 1, 2013.

As part of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Work Plan, EPA announced on March 27, 2013, that it would begin assessments on 23 chemicals, with a specific focus on flame retardant chemicals. The Agency will evaluate 20 flame retardant chemicals, conducting full risk assessments for four of the flame retardants, three of which are on the TSCA Work Plan, and one of which was the subject of an Action Plan.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "TSCA Reform: Grounds For Optimism," Chemical Watch Global Business Briefing, June 2013.

In a rare showing of bipartisan support for reform of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), senators David Vitter (Republican-Louisiana) and the late Frank Lautenberg (Democrat-New Jersey) recently introduced the Chemical Safety Improvement Act (CSIA). The bill offers a new and potentially politically viable framework for TSCA reform and renewed hope that needed modernisation of this important chemical management law may happen.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "Reforming TSCA Legislation," Pollution Engineering, May 2013.

There has been a lot of talk lately about reforming Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). Sadly, that is all it is: talk. It appears that the prospects for TSCA reform legislation passing any time soon continue to be dim, even with the democrats retaining control of the Senate.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "Government Accountability Office Attacks EPA Program," Chemical Processing, May 2013.

On April 29, 2013, the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) released a report on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) titled "Toxic Substances: EPA has Increased Efforts to Assess and Control Chemicals but Could Strengthen Its Approach." The report is available at www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-249. The GAO has long faulted the EPA's chemicals management program. In 2005, GAO reported that the EPA failed to use its Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) authority to obtain information submitted by U.S. companies to foreign governments, and recommended that the EPA promulgate a rule requiring that companies provide the agency with copies of any health and safety studies and other information concerning the environmental and health effects of chemicals submitted to foreign governments. The EPA acted on some of the GAO's recommendations, but hasn't fully implemented them. GAO for this and other reasons, in 2009, added EPA's processes for assessing and controlling toxic chemicals to its list of programs at high risk of waste, fraud, abuse and mismanagement. The GAO updated this list in February 2013 and the EPA still is considered high risk.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "Obama’s Second Term: What Does It Mean for US EPA and the Regulated Community?," Environmental Quality Management, Spring 2013.

President Obama won a decisive victory on November 6, 2012, and the forecast for the next four years is clearer now than it was pre-election. This Washington Watch column offers some preliminary observations on what lies ahead for domestic environmental management issues at the legislative and regulatory levels.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "EPA Revises Rules for Waste Incineration," Pollution Engineering, April 2013.

On Dec. 20, 2012, EPA issued a much-anticipated rulemaking package revising the emission standards for commercial and industrial solid waste incineration units (CISWI). The final rule accomplishes two broad goals: it revises the Clean Air Act (CAA) emission limits for CISWIs, and it revises the definition under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of nonhazardous secondary material (NHSM). This column discusses the CAA aspects of the rule. More information regarding the adjustments for major and area source boilers and CISWIs, as well as NHSM amendments, is available on EPA’s website.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "EPA Announces Availability of Draft Chemical Risk Assessments," Pollution Engineering, March 1, 2013.

The U.S. EPA announced on January 4, 2013, the first draft risk assessments developed under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Work Plan. This is an important development of which PE readers should be familiar.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "EPA Releases TSCA Chemical Risk Assessments," Chemical Processing, January 16, 2013.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released on January 4, 2013, the first draft risk assessments developed under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Work Plan. This article explains why these assessments are important.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "The New Obama Administration: Forecast for the Speciality Chemicals Sector," Speciality Chemicals Magazine Online Edition, December 2012.

Barack Obama won a decisive victory in the presidential election on 6 November and the forecast for the next four years is clearer now than it was pre-election. This article offers some preliminary observations on what lies ahead regarding domestic chemical management issues at the legislative and regulatory levels.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "Proposed PFAS and LCPFAC SNURs," Pollution Engineering, November 2012.

On August 15, 2012, EPA issued proposed amendments to the significant new use rule (SNUR) for perfluoroalkyl sulfonate (PFAS) chemical substances to add seven PFAS chemical substances that have completed the new chemical review process under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). EPA has not yet commenced production or import, and to designate (for all listed PFAS chemical substances) “processing” as a significant new use. The agency is also proposing a SNUR for long-chain perfluoroalkyl carboxylate (LCPFAC) chemical substances with lengths equal to or greater than seven carbons that would designate manufacturing, importing, or processing for use as part of carpets or for treating carpets.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "Old Dogs and New Tricks:  US EPA Gets Creative with TSCA," Environmental Quality Management, Autumn (Fall) 2012.

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) has taken some bold steps recently to strengthen its authority over existing chemicals -- using its expansive, but much maligned, authority under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). TSCA is an old statute, and believed by many to be out of date. But in “repurposing” its interpretation of its TSCA authority, US EPA has confirmed that the statute is more than a paper tiger

Lynn L. Bergeson, "EPA Flexes Its TSCA Muscles," Pollution Engineering, August 2012.

EPA's recent proposals to apply its Significant New Use Rules (SNUR) authority under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) to “articles” raises legal and policy issues, and presents challenges to EPA and industry. Here is why.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "US EPA’s $1.4 Million TSCA Enforcement Action:  Why It Matters," Environmental Quality Management, Summer 2012.

Enforcement actions under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) are not all that frequent. When they do occur, however, they tend to be memorable. The most recent example involves an action brought by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) against Dover Chemical Corporation. On February 7, 2012, the Agency announced that Dover Chemical had agreed to pay a $1.4 million civil penalty for alleged violations of TSCA premanufacture notice (PMN) obligations.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "What is to Come," Manufacturing Today, Summer 2012.

Much may be headed our way this year from the Hill in connection with reform of the Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA) and chemical initiatives advanced by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention (OCSPP). The 2012 presidential election cycle is likely to influence any activity by either party or the administration over the next year.

Lisa R. Burchi, Charles M. Auer, Kathleen M. Roberts, and Lynn L. Bergeson, "Are TSCA Section 8(b)(2) Statutory Mixture Categories Subject to Reporting Under the Chemical Data Reporting Rule?," Bloomberg BNA Toxics Law Reporter, April 12, 2012.

Based on written communications from the EPA’s Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, questions have been raised as to the agency’s interpretation of the six chemical categories created under the Toxic Substances Control Act’s Section 8(b)(2) authority. Given the statements from EPA over the past several years and recognizing that reporting under the TSCA Chemical Data Reporting rule commenced Feb. 1 (and runs through June 30, 2012), a critically important question is whether chemical substances that would otherwise fit within the Section 8(b)(2) categories are chemical substances subject to reporting as the category under the CDR.

Bergeson & Campbell, P.C., "SNUR for Infused Carbon Nanostructures announced by the US EPA," Nanotechnology Industries Association Newsletter, April 4, 2012.

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has announced significant new use rules (SNURs) for 17 chemical substances, including 'infused carbon nanostructures (generic)', that had been the subjects of pre-manufacture notices (PMNs). Now enshrined as part of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA),'this action requires persons who intend to manufacture, import, or process any of these 17 chemical substances for an activity that is designated as a significant new use by this rule to notify EPA at least 90 days before commencing that activity. The required notification will provide EPA with the opportunity to evaluate the intended use and, if necessary, to prohibit or limit that activity before it occurs.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "EPA Targets Five Chemical Groups," Chemical Processing, April, 2012.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released on March 20, 2012, proposed significant new use rules (SNUR) that would require companies to report all new uses of five groups of chemicals, including domestic and imported products and articles. This would give EPA the opportunity, if warranted, to prohibit or limit the activity. The chemicals, which were part of the EPA's Chemical Action Plans from 2009 through 2011, are polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDE), hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD), benzidine dyes, short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCP), and di-n-pentyl phthalate (DnPP). This column summarizes key points in the proposals.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "$1.4 Million Civil Penalty for TSCA Violations," Pollution Engineering, April 2012.

If anyone is thinking big penalties under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) are a thing of the past, think again. On Feb. 7, 2012, EPA announced that the Dover Chemical Corp. has agreed to pay a $1.4 million civil penalty for the unauthorized manufacture of chemical substances at facilities in Dover, Ohio, and Hammond, Ind. The settlement resolves alleged violations of TSCA premanufacture notice (PMN) obligations for the production of various chlorinated paraffins. According to EPA, the company produces the “vast majority” of chlorinated products sold in the United States. As part of the settlement, the company has ceased manufacturing short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCP), which have persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT) characteristics.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "EPA Fines Dover Chemical $1.4 Million," Chemical Processing, March 14, 2012.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recently announced that Dover Chemical Corporation has agreed to pay a $1.4-million civil penalty for alleged violations of Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) premanufacture notice (PMN) obligations for the production of various short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCP). This column explains why this enforcement action is noteworthy.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "Predictions for EPA’s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention," ABA Section of Environment, Energy, and Resources, Pesticides, Chemical Regulation, and Right-To-Know Committee Newsletter, February 2012.
Lynn L. Bergeson, "TSCA Reform:  Business Strategies in Times of Political Gridlock," CHEManager Europe, March 2012.

Most would agree that legislative reform of the U.S. Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) is long overdue. Few agree on what to change and how best to proceed. If you throw in the 2012 presidential election, you have gridlock. Commerce marches on, however, and with the Environmental Protection Agency reinventing TSCA implementation in innovative and effective ways, Reach setting the new global tone, and California creating a new template for sustainable consumer products, TSCA reform is at risk of becoming a distracting afterthought. Stakeholders must develop new strategies to survive and flourish in these fast-changing times.

Lisa R. Burchi, Charles M. Auer, Kathleen M. Roberts, and Lynn L. Bergeson, "Are TSCA Section 8(b)(2) Statutory Mixture Categories Subject to Reporting Under the Chemical Data Reporting Rule?," Bloomberg BNA Daily Environment Report, January 26, 2012.

Based on written communications from the Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, questions have been raised as to the agency’s interpretation of the six chemical categories created under Toxic Substances Control Act Section 8(b)(2) authority. Chemicals long considered part of these well-established categories identified decades ago are complex reaction products that fall under the TSCA Section 8(b)(2) category listing. Given the statements from EPA over the past several years and recognizing that reporting under the TSCA Chemical Data Reporting (CDR) rule is just around the corner, a critically important question is whether chemicals that would otherwise fit within the Section 8(b)(2) categories are subject to reporting under the CDR. This article examines this question by considering the regulatory history and guidance, prior reporting that has occurred, and business issues associated with the question.

Lynn L. Bergeson, James V. Aidala, co-authors, "2012 Predictions For TSCA Reform And EPA Initiatives," Law360, January 19, 2012.

We offer our thoughts on what may be headed our way in 2012 with regard to reform of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) and chemical management initiatives from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention (OCSPP).

Lynn L. Bergeson, "EPA Proposes New Use Rules:  Proposal could limit the use of 14 nanoscale substances," Chemical Processing, January 2012.

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed on December 28, 2011, significant new use rules (SNURs) for 17 chemical substances that were the subject of premanufacture notices (PMN), including seven substances with the term carbon nanotube (CNT) and seven substances with the term fullerene in their respective names. These 14 substances are subject to consent orders under Section 5(e) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). This column provides background on, and the implications of, these proposed SNURs.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "The New Chemical Data Reporting Rule:  It’s More Than You Think," Environmental Quality Management, Winter 2011.

Chemical data reporting under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) just got a lot harder. That’s because on August 16, 2011, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) issued its final Chemical Data Reporting (CDR) Rule, previously referred to as the Inventory Update Reporting (IUR) Rule.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "New TSCA Reporting Rule Compels Disclosure of Much Information," American College of Environmental Lawyers, December 16, 2011.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published on August 16, 2011, the final Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Chemical Data Reporting (CDR) Rule, previously referred to as the Inventory Update Reporting (IUR) Modifications Rule. 76 Fed. Reg. 50816. The rule authorizes EPA to collect and disclose information on the manufacturing, processing, and use of commercial chemical substances and mixtures listed on the TSCA Inventory. The CDR Rule also sets the upcoming submission period from February 1, 2012, to June 30, 2012, and will include submission of chemical production information from 2010 and chemical production, processing, and use information from 2011.
Lynn L. Bergeson, "Identifying Priority Chemicals Under TSCA," Pollution Engineering, December 2011.

On Aug. 18, 2011, EPA rolled out its new approach for identifying priority chemicals for review and assessment under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). EPA invited public input on its Discussion Guide: Background and Discussion Questions for Identifying Priority Chemicals for Review and Assessment (Discussion Guide), which is available at www.epa.gov/opptintr/existingchemicals/pubs/chempridiscguide.html, and convened a webinar on Sept. 7, 2011 to review the document.

James V. Aidala, Co-Author, "TSCA Reform:  The Standard of Safety," Environmental Law Reporter News & Analysis, December 2011.

Several key issues have emerged as pivotal in ongoing efforts to reform TSCA. Progress on these complex issues is central to the success of TSCA reform. On July 21, 2011, ELI convened a panel of experts to examine the central issue of whether and what standard of safety should replace TSCA’s current “unreasonable risk” standard for regulating chemicals. Topics addressed included: hazard/exposure/risk criteria; burden of proof; judicial review of Agency decisions; sensitive populations; cost-benefit analysis; and application of the safety standard to new materials/technologies.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "A Special Report: Important Changes Are Made to the Chemical Data Reporting Rule," Manufacturing Today, Fall/Winter 2011.

On August 16, 2011, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued the final Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Chemical Data Reporting (CDR) Rule, previously referred to as the Inventory Update Reporting (IUR) Modifications Rule. The CDR Rule expands the IUR to enable EPA to collect information on the manufacturing (including importing), processing, and use of commercial chemical sub­ stances and mixtures on the TSCA Chemical Substance Inventory (Inventory). This article provides highlights of the final rule.

Lisa R. Burchi, Charles M. Auer, and Lynn L. Bergeson, "EPA’s SNUR Authority and Key Points Regarding SNURs for Former New Chemicals," BNA Daily Environment Report, September 12, 2011.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s use of its authority under the Toxic Substances Control Act is expanding. Its use of TSCA Section 5 ‘‘significant new use rule’’ (SNUR) authority is clearly on the increase, as most recently demonstrated by the important role that significant new use rules have in Chemical Action Plans. This article describes SNURs, their issuance and legal background, and a few key issues of which regulated entities need to be aware in responding to a proposed or promulgated SNUR.
 

Lynn L. Bergeson, "Targeting Priority Chemicals Under TSCA," Law360, September 2, 2011.

Embracing new social media tools, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency on Aug. 18, 2011, invited stakeholders to provide feedback on its new approach for identifying priority chemicals for review and assessment under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). Noting that the EPA’s online discussion forum will remain open until Sept. 14, 2011, the EPA invited public input on its “Discussion Guide: Background and Discussion Questions for Identifying Priority Chemicals for Review and Assessment” (available at http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/existingchemicals/pubs/chempridiscguide.html). The EPA has also scheduled a webinar on Sept. 7, 2011, to review and consider the Discussion Guide.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "EPA Issues Chemical Data Reporting Rule," Chemical Processing, September 2011.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued on August 16, 2011, the final Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Chemical Data Reporting (CDR) Rule, previously referred to as the Inventory Update Reporting (IUR) Modifications Rule. More information is available at http://www.epa.gov/cdr/. Set forth below are key components of the CDR Rule, how reporting will change from prior IUR reporting, and potential issues.

Lynn L. Bergeson and Kathleen M. Roberts, "Deconstructing EPA’s Chemical Data Reporting Rule," Law360, August 17, 2011.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency announced on Aug. 2, 2011, the final Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Chemical Data Reporting (CDR) Rule, previously referred to as the Inventory Update Reporting (IUR) Modifications Rule. Proposed revisions to the rule were the subject of considerable debate, which helps explain the rule’s long (nearly a year and a half) gestation period and extensive review by the Office of Management and Budget. The rule was published on Aug. 16 in the Federal Register (76 Fed. Reg. 50816) and becomes effective on Sept. 15, 2011.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "EPA Moves Ahead with BPA Action Plan," Chemical Processing, August 2011.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued on July 26, 2011, an advance notice of proposed rulemaking (ANPR) concerning testing of bisphenol A (BPA). The notice applies to EPA’s chemical action plan issued under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) on BPA in March 2010. The ANPR shows the EPA is moving forward, sending a strong message that the agency isn't backing off plans to regulate BPA under TSCA, or any other chemical action plans.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "State Chemical Reform Initiatives:  Advocates Press for Change," Environmental Quality Management, Summer 2011.

The federal Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) has remained largely unchanged since its adoption in 1976, some 35 years ago. Congressional inaction has not gone unnoticed by state governments, which are increasingly dismayed by their federal counterpart’s seeming indifference to the public’s demand for stricter chemical controls and its growing distrust of federal chemical-control measures. As a result, states are taking matters into their own hands by adopting laws, resolutions, and related chemical-control measures.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "Could TSCA Reform Be Coming Soon?," Chemical Processing, May 2011.

On April 14, 2011, Senator Lautenberg (D-NJ) introduced the Safe Chemicals Act of 2011 (S. 847) to modernize the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). Lautenberg initiated similar legislation, S. 3209, in the 111th Congress. Below is a summary of key differences between Lautenberg's S. 847 and S. 3209.

Lynn L. Bergeson, James V. Aidala, Charles M. Auer, "The Devilish Details Of TSCA Reform," Law360, April 27, 2011.

On April 14, Sen. Frank R. Lautenberg, D-N.J., introduced the Safe Chemicals Act of 2011, which is intended to modernize the Toxic Substances Control Act to require chemical companies to demonstrate the safety of industrial chemicals and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to evaluate safety based on the best available science.

Bergeson & Campbell, P.C., "Lautenberg Reintroduces TSCA Reform Legislation:," Nanotechnology Industries Association Newsletter, April 24, 2011.

On April 14, 2011, Senator Frank R. Lautenberg (D-NJ) introduced the Safe Chemicals Act of 2011. The bill is intended to amend and modernize the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) to require chemical companies to demonstrate the safety of industrial chemicals and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to evaluate safety based on the best available science. The bill is co-sponsored by Senators Amy Klobuchar (D-MN), Charles Schumer (D-NY), and Barbara Boxer (D-CA).

Lynn L. Bergeson, "Writing Off Chemicals of Concern," Chemical Week, April 4, 2011.
Lynn L. Bergeson, "The Proposed TSCA Inventory Update Reporting Rule: Big Changes Are in Store," Environmental Quality Management, Winter 2010.

While debate continues to swirl around whether, and to what extent, the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) needs retooling, just about everyone agrees that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) needs more information on chemical production, use, and exposure in order to make informed decisions about chemical risk management. Most also agree that TSCA could be put to greater use for these purposes.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "New Inventory Update Rule Reporting Heads Our Way," Chemical Processing, October 2010.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed important revisions to the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Update Rule (IUR). This column explains why chemical manufacturers and other stakeholders must be aware of the proposal and prepare now for its implications.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "TSCA Reform: Legislative Action Begins," Environmental Quality Management, Autumn 2010.

On April 15, 2010, Senator Frank R. Lautenberg (D-NJ) released the text of the Safe Chemicals Act of 2010, S. 3209 (SCA),1 which is intended to address the “core failings” of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA).

Charles M. Auer, Lynn L. Bergeson, and Lisa R. Burchi, "TSCA Section 5(b)(4) ‘Chemicals of Concern’ List: Questions, Issues, Concerns," Daily Environment Report, May 24, 2010.

The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) allows the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to keep a list of chemicals that present or may present ‘‘an unreasonable risk of injury to health or the environment.’’ This authority has not been used since TSCA was enacted in 1976. In April, EPA said it intends to propose a rule to add a category of eight phthalates, a category of polybrominated diphenyl ethers, and bisphenol A to such a list. In this article, the authors explore EPA’s authority under Section 5(b)(4) of the TSCA to create a ‘‘chemicals of concern’’ list and discuss legal and policy issues that may arise.

James V. Aidala, "The Toxic Substances Control Act: From the perspective of James V. Aidala," interviewed by Chemical Heritage Foundation, May 20, 2010.

James V. Aidala began working with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as a college intern in the Office of Pesticide Programs; he returned as a policy analyst in the new Office of Pesticides and Toxic Substances (OPTS) after graduate school. From Aidala’s perspective, there was much uncertainty in the early years of Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), in part due to challenges with the law’s specificity regarding polychlorinated biphenyls and, later, asbestos and lead, and in part due to logistical, organizational, and legal difficulties in the early years of TSCA. He also felt that the Reagan Administration was fatal to a cohesive toxics program.

Charles M. Auer, "Periodic Reporting of Hazard Data, Exposure Information on Existing Chemicals," Daily Environment Report, Apr. 14, 2010.

A Recent co-authored paper discussed a number of fundamental changes in U.S. regulation of commercial chemicals that should be considered in revising the Toxic Substances Control Act. As discussed in that paper, while the Environmental Protection Agency under TSCA has broad authority to require testing and reporting of hazard and exposure information on existing chemicals via rulemaking, deploying these authorities have proven cumbersome and inadequate for dealing effectively with the thousands of chemicals in commerce.

Charles M. Auer, Lynn L. Bergeson, and James V. Aidala, "EPA's Action Plans Signal a New Chapter for TSCA While Informing the Future Legislative Debate on Chemicals," Environmental Law Reporter, March 2010.

Late last December, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Lisa P. Jackson announced action plans on phthalates, long-chain chlorinated paraffins (LCCPs), and short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs). The four action plans are the first of many, as EPA intends to issue eight more or so in 2010. This EPA initiative announces actions that are almost breathtaking in scope, and its development and implementation of the action plan items will set a number of new precedents -- and possibly shape future legislative proposals -- that industry will need to participate in and monitor closely.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "EPA Working on Test Rule for Multi-Wall Carbon Nanotubes/TSCA Section 8(a) Rule for Several Nanoscale Substances," NanoBusiness Alliance Newsletter, Issue 8, June 18, 2009.

As you may know, twice each year the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) publishes a detailed listing of all matters on which it is working. The document is referred to as the Semiannual Regulatory Agenda, and is published each spring and fall. The most recent spring issue was published on May 11, 2009.

Lynn L. Bergeson, "EPA Issues Draft NMSP Concept Paper and TSCA Inventory Paper," Small Times Magazine, August 10, 2007.

The EPA's recently released paper, TSCA Inventory Status of Nanoscale Substances -- General Approach, is important for developers of nanotechnologies. Nanomaterials that meet the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) definition of "chemical substance" are subject to TSCA reporting requirements because they may exhibit properties different from the same substances in the bulk scale. A chemical substance means, in relevant part, "any organic or inorganic substance of a particular molecular identity." 

Lynn L. Bergeson, "TSCA Inventory Status of Nanoscale Substances a Must-Read for Materials Developers," Small Times Magazine, August 10, 2007.

The EPA's recently released paper, TSCA Inventory Status of Nanoscale Substances -- General Approach, is important for developers of nanotechnologies. Nanomaterials that meet the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) definition of "chemical substance" are subject to TSCA reporting requirements because they may exhibit properties different from the same substances in the bulk scale. A chemical substance means, in relevant part, "any organic or inorganic substance of a particular molecular identity." 

Lynn L. Bergeson, "EPA Issues Draft NMSP Concept Paper and TSCA Inventory Paper," ABA Pesticides, Chemical Regulation, and Right-to-Know Committee Newsletter, Vol. 8, No. 3, August 2007.

On July 12, 2007, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published in the Federal Register three separate notices related to the long-awaited Nanoscale Materials Stewardship Program (NMSP) under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). All of the notices and accompanying documents are available online.

Lynn L. Bergeson and Joseph E. Plamondon, "TSCA and Engineered Nanoscale Substances," Nanotechnology Law & Business, March 2007.

The federal law that regulates new and existing chemical substances, including engineered nanoscale chemical substances, is the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). While there is much debate over how the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) should deploy its significant TSCA authority to address potential risks to human health and the environment posed by engineered nanoscale materials, there is no doubt that EPA is already doing so. This article provides a general overview of TSCA as it relates to new and existing chemical substances, and discusses how EPA may go about discharging its significant TSCA authority with respect to engineered nanoscale substances. 

Lynn L. Bergeson, "Nanoscale Materials and TSCA:  EPA’s NPPTAC Recommends a Framework for a Voluntary Program," Environmental Quality Management, Spring 2006.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) National Pollution Prevention and Toxics Advisory Committee (NPPTAC) forwarded to EPA Administrator Stephen L. Johnson on November 22, 2005, its document entitled Overview of Issues for Consideration by NPPTAC. The Overview of Issues document sets forth NPPTAC’s “analysis and views” on a framework for a voluntary program on existing engineered nanoscale materials. The framework is intended to complement the new nanoscale chemicals requirements promulgated under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA).

Lynn L. Bergeson, "EPA Considers How Best to Regulate Nanoscale Materials," Environmental Quality Management, Autumn 2005.

In a May 10, 2005, Federal Register notice, EPA announced, in an understated way, its decision to convene a public meeting on 'nanoscale materials.' The meeting notice represents the Agency's first public foray into harnessing some of nanotechnology’s promise within a regulatory framework created almost three decades ago with the enactment of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA).

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